Supporting the Policy Enabling Environment for Development

Mozambique National AGOA Utilization Strategy: 2018- 2025

The Minister of Industry and Commerce, Ragendra de Sousa, launching the National AGOA Utilization Strategy to increase exports to the US

The African Growth and Opportunity Act is a U.S. trade act that provides duty-free import to goods produced in qualifying Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. AGOA came into force in 2000 and was most recently exten­ded to 2025 through the AGOA Extension & Enhancement Act (AEEA). Mozambi­que has been eligible for AGOA since 2000. One of the additions to AGOA through the AEEA is language in the legislation that states countries should produce “AGOA Utilization Strategies” to take advantage of the benefits. Accordingly, this AGOA Utilization Strategy is intended to identify strategic sectors and goods for exports to the U.S. under AGOA by Mozambique, to provide guidance on incre­asing the awareness and expertise of AGOA among Mozambique’s relevant public and private stakeholders and to elaborate a set of strategic actions that, if implemented, could help Mozambique to better utilize the AGOA.

Despite AGOA eligibility Mozambique has arguably not taken full advantage of the duty­-free preferences. Mozambique’s exports to the U.S. in 2016 were just over $100 million or approximately 3% of total exports. Further, exports under the AGOA program were just over $1 million which is less than 2% of total exports to the U.S. This low value of export under AGOA is composed of just 5 products out of the 80 product lines that Mozambique exported to the U.S. in 2016. Finally, of the small export to the U.S., multiple product categories that would otherwise qualify for duty-free import under AGOA did not claim such preferences.

In spite of the low volume of export to the U.S. and low utilization of AGOA, Mozambique does have a viable export sector with at least 20 product lines that would be eligible for AGOA if exported to the U.S. Of these goods, several are highly demanded in the U.S. su­ggesting ample opportunity for Mozambique to export to the U.S. Through a rigorous 4-le­vel analysis of Mozambique’s exports measu­red against U.S. demand and AGOA eligibility 5 sectors and at least 13 goods were identified for high AGOA potential and for focus in this strategy.

Among the key opportunities for Mozambi­que is to collaborate and take advantage of the numerous forms of U.S. resources in su­pport of AGOA. Specifically, the “Southern Africa Trade and Investment Hub (SATIH)” funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) is a program wholly dedicated to helping SSA countries become more competitive and export to the U.S. un­der AGOA. Another significant opportunity for Mozambique is to seek regional trade op­portunities, especially with its largest trading partner South Africa, to develop regional va­lue chains to exploit AGOA. Immediate op­portunities appear to exist for goods such as agro-processed products and Upland Cotton.

This strategy includes 21 recommendations on improving awareness of AGOA, competi­tiveness of specific sectors, and exploiting the benefits granted to goods made in Mozambi­que for the U.S. market. Each recommenda­tion includes identification of implementing entities as well as a recommended timeframe. As readers will note, there are a range time­frames from immediate to long term for Mo­zambique to better utilize AGOA and grow exports.