This report presents an empirical analysis of informality in Mozambique with a view to informing policy discussion on this important aspect of the economy. The analysis employs the most recently available government data to examine the characteristics of a sample of informal economic operators, highlight the differences between different types of informal firms, and estimate performance differences within the informal sector which relate to micro-firm business registration. It also discusses informality in the context of a trade-off of costs and benefits to formality at the enterprise level, and the potential impact of current policy measures on that balance. This has implications for the PARPA II goal of increasing formalization, suggesting the need to encourage enterprise expansion and investment through a focus on increasing the benefits to formality in addition to reducing the costs, while putting less emphasis on attempts to raise tax revenues from these micro firms.
The TIP Project was asked by USAID to review private investments in the agricultural sector in order to assess the feasibility of developing a framework that tracks investment into the agriculture sector that would provide the basis for analyzing the factors that influence those investments. The framework would provide an empirical platform upon which to assess policy conditions and initiatives that favor growth in direct investment and wealth creation in the agribusiness sector. The ultimate purpose is to contribute to agricultural sector growth that is broad-based, value-adding, employment generating, and export enhancing.
This consultancy is focused specifically on land law as it impacts the development of land which requires significant investment for activities which are primarily commercial in nature. Most of the literature on the 1997 Land Law and its implementation is focused on its impact on customary land holders, with good reason. But the future of holdings which are to be commercially developed is equally important, and much less has been written in this area. An exception is a valuable 2005 World Bank report which focuses on commercial operations and investment, and is referenced frequently in this paper.
This assignment was undertaken to provide legal advice and recommendations on the most effective and administratively simplest means of structuring a public-private partnership (PPP) to enforce environmental standards (in particular, water quality standards) in Pemba Bay.
Information networks contribute to economic and social welfare. The relationship between investment in information infrastructure—telecom and computer networks and their components—and a nation’s economic development and performance is well established in principle. A variety of econometric studies confirm the nature and strength of the relationship. Details may vary from one economy to another and among sectors of a particular economy, but investment in information technologies will increase productivity, rates of economic growth, job creation, international competitiveness, and general efficiency in use of resources.