Food Fortification Law
Fortifying staple foods with vitamins and minerals is widely recognized as one of the most cost- effective and sustainable solutions to combating micronutrient deficiencies such as iron, folic acid, zinc, and vitamin A.
The Government of Mozambique has completed the first phase of legally mandating the fortification of staple foods with the approval of the food fortification legislation in 2016. The first foods that are slated for fortified are wheat, corn, sugar, salt and vegetable oil. The National Committee on Food Fortification in Mozambique (CONFAM) is the entity that is currently supporting its implementation. It’s led by the Ministry of Industry and Commerce and includes relevant government agencies (INNOQ, INAE), members the private sector, civil society, UN agencies and donors.
USAID/Mozambique had been funding this activity through GAIN, however that activity is ending at the end of September 2017. Given that the implementation of this law is under MIC, INNOQ, and INAE, which are all SPEED+ partners, SPEED+ will provide support for implementation of the food fortification law. In 2015, SPEED undertook a review of the proposed legislation. The analysis found that the program appeared well conceived and had a high likelihood of success. However, concerns were raised in regard to the local Fortification Standards and how they would apply to imports. If the standards do not adhere to WHO and regional norms, they could be considered a barrier to imports.
Recently, there has been concerns regarding the alignment of the legislation with the existing standards set by the National Institute for Standards and Quality (INNOQ). There is also a general concern about the institutional arrangement due to some conflict of interest between CONFAM and MIC. SPEED+ will work with CONFAM members and other relevant stakeholders to develop a detailed work plan to support implementation of the law based on GAINs close out report. The work plan shall include activities towards aligning standards between INOQ and the new Law and working with stakeholders (including mills) to implement the regulations effectively. SPEED+ will also work on increasing the awareness of the private sector regarding the new legislation, building capacity of relevant GoM institutions toward the effective implementation of the regulation, and support of labeling requirements.