Labor Law & Minimum Wage
The 2007 Labor Law currently in effect has only limited potential to promote investment, competitiveness, and new employment. In certain cases, more recent implementing regulations have made the regulatory environment more restrictive, such as Decree no. 37/2016 and Decree no 108/2014 which create more onerous requirements for in-quota approval of foreign workers. New reforms that provide greater flexibility, particularly on hiring of foreign workers and cause for dismissal, can help promote more economic activity, reduce unemployment and move workers to the formal sector.
The Minister of Labor, Employment and Social Security (MITESS) stated earlier this year that the Labor Law will be reviewed and updated in late 2017. To help CTA prepare for well-informed and substantiated discussions with MITESS during the reform process, SPEED+ will develop a report that outlines key reforms that would have the greatest positive impact on job creation, economic growth, and poverty alleviation. The objective is to achieve a more balanced, practical and effective Labor Law, which serves the interests of both employees and employers, and is appropriate for the current socio-economic reality of the country and responsive to the needs of the private sector.
A competitive minimum wage is also important for business and investment, and for worker welfare. SPEED+ undertook a review of the framework for setting minimum wage, considering international best practice, the government’s goals for employment creation and Mozambique’s current state of economic development and provided recommendations to CTA to improve minimum wages in Mozambique.