Supporting the Policy Environment for Economic Development

Public-Private Sector Dialogue

Public-private sector dialogue is a hallmark of a democratic and inclusive economy.  The adoption and successful implementation of policy and regulations require broad support from all stakeholders. The engagement and participation of all interested parties increase the likelihood of understanding and implementation of policies and reforms.  The right to ensure public participation in the rule making process including public policy issues and process is entrenched in Mozambican legal framework. However, public participation in public policy formulation has been done on an ad-hoc basis and there is no legal framework which obliges to call for public participation in policy formulation. In 2012 the Confederação das Associações Económicas de Moçambique  (CTA ), the Associacao de Comercio e Industia  (ACIS)  in collaboration with SPEED+, developed the Draft Law on Public Participation in the Legislative Process Mozambique.  SPEED+ worked with CTA to formally present the draft legislation to the Ministry of Justice in 2017.

SPEED+ is supporting the public private sector dialogue process in Mozambique through multiple initiatives, including:

Support on a Law on Public Consultation

Support on the CTA Annual Private Sector Conference (CASP)

Support to the Business Environment Monitoring Council (CMAN)

Support to CTA on developing a methodology for prioritizing and advancing policy reforms.

CTA and the Government of Mozambique approved in 2015 a new model for technical-level Public-Private Dialogue, the Business Environment Monitoring Councils (CMAN).  The CMAN are led by the Prime Minister with the participation of CTA and MIC.  In preparation for the CMAN, MIC and CTA collaboratively identify, agree upon, and monitor implementation of key priorities for reform.  The key priorities are summarized in the Private Sector Matrix which is used as the basis for the CMAN.

To date, there has been no clear methodology or criteria for identifying, evaluating and prioritizing issues to be included in the Private Sector Matrix.  The Ministry of Industry and Trade (MIC) and the Government have been frustrated when presented with lengthy lists of issues without clear criteria for selection or prioritization.  The methodology CTA recently used was to collect priorities from all the CTA sectoral working groups and include them all in the Private Sector Matrix, with equal weight.  This led to a confusing mixture of very high level and very low level desired reforms with no prioritization.  As a result, the most recent CMAN was postponed when CTA and MIC were not able to agree on the business environment improvement agenda to be proposed through the Private Sector Matrix.  SEED+ will provide technical assistance to CTA to develop a standardized methodology for reviewing and updating the Matrix, including criteria and prioritization that can be clearly explained to government.  This will include integration CTAs provincial offices (CEPs) to find out how they are currently involved in the priority setting, and to include the provincial level in the proposed methodology.  The consultant will assist CTA to use this methodology to update the Private Sector Matrix in preparation for the next CMAN.  SPEED+ and CTA will co-fund the next CMAN meeting.

CTA organizes the Annual Private Sector Conference (CASP) to define and reach consensus on the business environment agenda and strategy for the upcoming year with a broad array of stakeholders. The meeting is led by the President of the Republic of Mozambique, and attended by approximately 700 people including senior members from the Government, the private sector, the donor community, and civil society.  SPEED+ will provide technical and logistical support to organize the event, working closely with CTA and its membership to develop the conference agenda, raise topics for discussions during the conference, and suggest profiles of relevant speakers.  SPEED+ may sponsor one speaker on a relevant topic, and may also provide some financial and logistical support for the conference.